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SAUL - THE INITIATOR
Saul, the first Hebrew king, offers us an example that cannot be overlooked - particularly for those that are business starters or hold a newly created leadership position.
Saul, the first Hebrew king, offers us an example that cannot be overlooked - particularly for those that are business starters or hold a newly created leadership position. He made decisions that are typical of an "initiator" and we would do well to learn from his example to save us from expensive AND extensive difficulty. To unpack his life and leadership, we will go to the book of 1 Samuel for a summary explanation of his life and decisions. Please note that we cannot cover the majority of one Old Testament book in a short blog, so this will only hit the highlights. We will close with five specific applications of those lessons for leaders.
As a reminder for this series, we will not be considering his background or upbringing, or training but will solely focus on his time as the king of Israel. This decision helps isolate his defining moments as a leader regardless of the rich or poor leadership development that he went through.
Saul starts off well in 1 Samuel 10-11 where he is named king and then gets to work. As he is announced as the chosen one to be king, people bring him gifts; however, a group of people immediately disrespect him without a gift but with grumbling. Saul ignores the disrespect to himself but cannot ignore the disrespect of an Ammonite to a Hebrew town. After the victory, those fighting by his side want to go kill those who refused to bring him a gift but Saul does not want to take action. He wanted to build unity instead of creating further division - something an initiator will do.
Saul then has to deal with his first challenge as the Philistines, the ever-present enemy of Israel, rise up to cause problems. Saul organizes an army, including is son Jonathan, and awaits the prophet, Samuel. While waiting, many of the soldiers are overcome with fear and decide to leave. Saul, in seeing people leaving, decides to take action to keep everyone together - he offers sacrifices (something he should never do as it violates his purpose). No sooner had he finished the act, than Samuel appears and asks what he has done and declared he acted foolishly (1 Samuel 13:11, 13). Unfortunately, these disobedient actions by Saul would not be an isolated incident (see 1 Samuel 15).
The war with the Philistines created accolades for the one chosen to follow Saul as David killed Goliath. This amazing victory gained favor with others and causes significant jealousy on the part of Saul. This envy arose in 1 Samuel 18:7 as we see both Saul and David returning from a successful campaign against the Hebrew enemies. The common song of celebration said: "Saul has slain his thousands and David his ten thousands." Saul, as the initiator and 1st king, had to be the best and, from this point forward, he viewed David as a threat. He acted in foolish ways to remove David as a threat: (1) trying to kill him with a spear several times, (2) attempting to have the Philistines kill him through a stealthy wager that failed, (3) chasing him across the kingdom to trap him, (4) killing several priests for a supposed disrespect to him, and (5) cursing his own son Jonathan and threw a spear at him for supporting David.
Finally, we see Saul's failure to admit his mistakes and then act accordingly to change. When he disobeyed God in 1 Samuel 15, he lied to Samuel; and when caught in the lie, blamed the people for the disobedience. He was the leader and could have restrained them but, as the initiator, he did not want to make the tough call. Later, in 1 Samuel 24, David could have killed Saul but did not. After finding out how David acted righteously, Saul admitted his mistakes in pursuing David and knew that he would be kind to Israel; however, he would later continue to chase David in jealousy to kill him.
Ultimately, Saul's rash actions and disobedience removed any opportunity for a royal dynasty for his sons. As the initiator, he established an awful example of what a king/leader could and should be. Yes, he started the line of Hebraic kings but he did not start them well.
Leaders that are initiators (e.g. starting a new organization) would do well to learn from the example of Saul. Specifically, we can learn several lessons from this failed leader of Israel.
Losing your purpose leads to losing your position - Saul forgot that he was commissioned as king to do two things: fear and follow the Lord (1 Samuel 12:14). These two simple steps would keep Saul focused on his task of serving the people as God wanted instead of driving the people to do what he desired. He lost his purpose and started acting to protect himself, which caused him to be removed as king.
Mistakes can show the right way ahead while error always shows the wrong way behind - Saul made few mistakes but many errors. A mistake is learning how not to do something while an error is refusing to learn from previous mistakes. In chasing David, Saul's life was spared and he admitted that David acted correctly (by implication meaning that Saul was acting incorrectly); yet, he never changed. He became fixated on staying on the wrong course, which revealed a past of compounded errors.
Jealousy and envy offer false allurement for success - these two twins guide you to certain decisions that you believe will lead to success; however, they are actually hastening your leadership voyage to shipwreck. Saul, hearing the people speak so well of David, did not pause to consider his own character flaws. Instead, he focused on the other person and decided to rid the world of him. Saul failed to see that his jealousy and envy were creating a greater divide between him and the people as they could see the stark differences between the two men.
The initiator's danger is the protection of the organization rather than improving their personal character - Saul wanted to create a strong, powerful kingdom that could be passed down to his children. In many of his actions, he acquiesced to the people on important decisions rather than doing the right thing despite the difficulty. Leaders must have the courage to stick to the purpose and what is right through conflict. The other choice is to coast with a fake unity that leads nowhere.
If your relationship with God is not right, then your relationship with others cannot be right - had Saul feared the Lord and followed him completely, these issues would never have occurred. Instead, he would lose the kingdom to a man described as "after God's heart." If your relationships are not going well in your life or leadership, then step back and consider the strength of your relationship with God. It is only by receiving His grace that you can give it to others.
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